Check out Part 1 of our A-Z of fitness guide!

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February 14 2017

Fitness trainers not only ‘walk-the-walk’ but ‘talk-the-talk’ too! For non-pros though, some training terms can sound like a whole different language.

To help cut through the gym jargon - Millie Walker, Master Trainer and Yoga Instructor at the Adelaide Aquatic Centre, has put together her A-Z of fitness. Here’s Part 1!

A            AMRAP workout

AMRAP stands for ‘as many rounds as possible’ and in an AMRAP-style workout you try to complete as many rounds (or sets) of a particular circuit exercise as you can, within a certain timeframe.

B             BMI

Divide your weight in kilograms by your height in m² to get your BMI or Body Mass Index. It’s used to determine if you’re in a healthy weight range for your height and works for about 90% of people.

C             Cardio

Cardio exercise gives your heart and lungs a work out, not just your muscles. An Adelaide Aquatic Centre gym membership gets you access to a bunch of cardio-based fitness classes including H.I.I.T.

D            Drop sets

This is a technique where you repeat the same exercise, reducing the weight each time your body hits the point where it’s had enough! For example, you might start with a 20kg weight, then cut down to 15kg when you can’t do 20 anymore, then go down to 10 kg then 5kg - and so on.

E             Energy in/Energy out

You can’t out-train a bad diet! You must feed your body well when you’re exercising and then make sure you expend all the energy you put into it - otherwise you won’t see improvements.

F             Fartlek 

Fartlek means ‘speed play’ in Swedish. It’s a fitness method that integrates continuous and interval exercise. A Fartlek session on a treadmill could see you move from high intensity to slow intensity, then play around with hills and pace. It trains your body to switch gears.

G            GAS

Been doing the same exercises for a long time and not seeing any improvement? Your body may have adjusted and experiencing General Adaptation Syndrome.  To avoid GAS, either vary the type of training you’re doing or strive for failure (ie: keep going until you just can’t do another push-up!)

H            H.I.I.T.

High-intensity interval training calls for quick, intense bursts of exercise, followed by short recovery periods. The aim is to get your heart rate up, keep it there and burn more fat in less time.

I              Intensity or intervals 

Intensity relates to how hard or fast you’re pushing yourself during exercise. Intervals are the duration of an exercise or the time in between different actions.

J              Jack knife 

This is a type of abdominal exercise. To do a jack knife on a fit-ball, you’d take your knees towards your chest while you have your hands on the ground. If you’re on a TRX you’d hold your hips up high.  

K             kJ vs calories

Food energy was once measured in calories but in Australia we use the kilojoule these days. It can be confusing when you see and hear both terms used so it’s good to know the basic conversion: there are 4.184 (round that out to 4.2) kilojoules in one calorie.

Stay tuned for Part 2 of our A-Z of fitness lingo in a couple of weeks. In the meantime, put some of these words into action and check out all the fitness options that come with a 12 month gym and pool membership at the Adelaide Aquatic Centre.

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