Millie Walker, Master Trainer and Yoga Instructor at the Adelaide Aquatic Centre, sheds a little light on some of the terms you might hear at the gym, from a trainer or during an exercise class.
L LSD training
If your goal is to build up endurance over speed, you’ll benefit from Long Slow Duration training. This is about going for distance or what they refer to in ‘the biz’ as ‘k’s on legs’.
A High Intensity Interval Training (H.I.I.T.) style class focused on boosting fitness, increasing energy levels and fast results. It suits all fitness levels but is a tough work out - best done when injury free. Try Metafit and other H.I.I.T. classes at the Adelaide Aquatic Centre gym.
N Negative split
This is where you complete the second half of a race faster than the first. If you’re a jogger pushing for a negative split on a 10k run, you do the last 5k’s quicker than the first 5 by taking it home strong.
O Olympic lift/distance
Watched any Olympic level weightlifting? Then you’d have heard of the ‘clean and jerk’ and the ‘snatch’. Both are Olympic-style lifts with big overhead thrusting movements. Olympic distance is what’s covered in an Olympics triathlon: 1.5km swim, a 40km bike ride and 10km run.
Also known as ‘jump training’, these are exercises that require a thrust of power - where the muscles exert maximum force in short intervals of time. Examples include burpees and jump squats.
Short for quadriceps, quads are the large muscle group found on the front of our thighs, consisting of four distinct muscles each.
A quick way of saying ‘repetitions’- which are the number of times you repeat a particular exercise.
Sets refer to how many times you’ll do each ‘rep’. More sets can work for building endurance; less sets for strength building.
Another H.I.I.T style, Tabata was developed in the ‘90s by a Japanese professor to train Olympic speed skaters. The system goes like this: 20 seconds of work, followed by 10 seconds of rest, in eight rounds. If you’re at the gym you could use this method on a treadmill or with push-ups.
Refers to any long distance run over the standard marathon distance of 42.2km.
V VO2 max
A measure of the maximum volume of oxygen a person can consume while exercising. It helps determine aerobic or cardio vascular fitness and how efficiently your body is at using oxygen.
W WHR – waist to hip ratio
Calculated by measuring your waist circumference in relation to your hip circumference, this ratio estimates the fat distribution in your body and is often used to assess weight-related medical risks.
Also known as a ‘cross-trainer’, this piece of gym equipment requires you to use your arms and legs in a cross country skiing motion. Plenty of these at the Adelaide Aquatic Centre!
A personal favourite, the ancient practice of yoga promotes physical health and mental wellbeing through techniques including postures, movement, breathing exercises and meditation. Today there are even hybrid yoga classes, like Yoga-lates: combining yoga and Pilates principles.
Z Zatopek phenomenon
Named after a Czech middle distance Olympic champ, this describes the beneficial effects of tapering - where you reduce the amount and intensity of your training to prepare for an event or rest period.
< Back to Blog